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Winter Weather Preparedness

Introducing Winter Weather Preparedness Week 2004
Winter Weather Preparedness
Heavy Snow Events
Ice Storms
Winter Floods
Watch/Warning/Advisory Criteria
Winter Weather Review

Introducing Winter Weather Preparedness Week 2004

NOUS41 KOKX 310959
PNSOKX
CTZ005>012-NJZ002>006-011-NYZ067>081-312100-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE UPTON NY
500 AM EST SUN OCT 31 2004

...NY GOVERNOR PATAKI DECLARES WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK... 
 
GOVERNOR GEORGE PATAKI HAS PROCLAIMED THE WEEK OF OCTOBER 31ST AS
WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK IN NEW YORK STATE. THE NATIONAL WEATHER
SERVICE JOINS THE GOVERNOR AND THE NEW YORK STATE DISASTER
PREPAREDNESS COMMISSION IN URGING YOU TO PREPARE FOR THE HAZARDS
THAT WINTER WILL BRING.

THE NWS WILL ISSUE A SERIES OF PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENTS
STARTING MONDAY NOVEMBER 1ST AT 5 AM. THESE STATEMENTS WILL HELP YOU
GAIN A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF WINTER WEATHER HAZARDS AND HOW TO
PREPARE FOR THEM.

ONE INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED EACH DAY AROUND 5 AM. 

TOPICS INCLUDE:

WINTER WEATHER PREPAREDNESS ON MONDAY.

HEAVY SNOW EVENTS ON TUESDAY.

ICE STORMS ON WEDNESDAY.

WINTER FLOODS ON THURSDAY.

WATCH/WARNING/ADVISORY CRITERIA ON FRIDAY.

WINTER WEATHER REVIEW ON SATURDAY.

THESE PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENTS WILL BE DISSEMINATED OVER NWS
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS INCLUDING OUR WEB PAGE AND NOAA WEATHER RADIO.
THEY WILL BE ISSUED UNDER THE WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION AND
FAMILY OF SERVICES PRODUCT IDENTIFIER NOUS41 KOKX.

MONDAY'S STATEMENT COVERS WINTER WEATHER PREPAREDNESS.

$$

GC

Winter Weather Preparedness

NOUS41 KOKX 011014
PNSOKX
CTZ005>012-NJZ002>006-011-NYZ067>081-012100-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE UPTON NY
513 AM EST MON NOV 1 2004

...NY GOVERNOR PATAKI DECLARES WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK... 
 
GOVERNOR GEORGE PATAKI HAS PROCLAIMED THE WEEK OF OCTOBER 31ST AS
WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK IN NEW YORK STATE.

TODAY'S THEME IS WINTER WEATHER PREPAREDNESS.

FOR THE LATEST NOAA U.S. WINTER OUTLOOK - ACCESS THIS WEB PAGE:

HTTP://WWW.NOAANEWS.NOAA.GOV/STORIES2004/S2326.HTM

LONG TERM SEASONAL OUTLOOKS ARE ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL WEATHER
SERVICE'S CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER.

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE FIELD OFFICES ISSUE:

OUTLOOKS 3 TO 5 DAYS BEFORE A HAZARDOUS WEATHER EVENT IS FORECAST.

WATCHES 24 TO 48 HOURS BEFORE HAZARDOUS WEATHER IS FORECAST.

WARNINGS AND ADVISORIES UP TO 24 HOURS BEFORE HAZARDOUS WEATHER
OCCURS.

WINTER WEATHER BRINGS SNOW, FREEZING RAIN, SLEET, FLOODS AND HIGH
WINDS. BE PREPARED BEFORE THE STORM STRIKES. DO YOU HAVE ADEQUATE
SUPPLIES AT HOME AND WORK AND IN YOUR VEHICLE? DRESS PROPERLY FOR
THE SEASON. DO YOU KNOW WHAT TO DO IF YOU BECOME CAUGHT IN A WINTER
STORM WHETHER YOU ARE OUTSIDE, INSIDE A VEHICLE, OR INSIDE YOUR HOME
OR BUSINESS? DOES YOUR FAMILY HAVE A DISASTER PLAN?

FOR MORE DETAILED INFORMATION ON PREPARING FOR WINTER STORMS -
ACCESS NY STATE'S WINTER PREPAREDNESS SAFETY TIPS AT:

HTTP://WWW.NYSEMO.STATE.NY.US/PIO/PUBLICSAFETY/WINTERPREPARE.HTM

REMEMBER TO CHECK OUR WINTER WEATHER WEB PAGE AT:

HTTP://WWW.ERH.NOAA.GOV/OKX/WINTERWEATHER.HTML

$$

GC

Heavy Snow Events

NOUS41 KOKX 021023
PNSOKX
CTZ005>012-NJZ002>006-011-NYZ067>081-022300-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE UPTON NY
500 AM EST TUE NOV 2 2004

...NEW YORK GOVERNOR PATAKI DECLARES WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK...

GOVERNOR GEORGE PATAKI HAS PROCLAIMED THE WEEK OF OCTOBER 31ST AS
WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK IN NEW YORK STATE.

TODAY'S THEME IS HEAVY SNOW...WHICH IS DEFINED AS AN AVERAGE
SNOWFALL OF 6 INCHES IN 12 HOURS...OR 8 INCHES IN 24 HOURS.
 
COASTAL STORMS...ALSO KNOWN AS NOREASTERS...CAN BRING HEAVY SNOW TO
THE AREA. THEY USUALLY FORM FROM SEPTEMBER THROUGH APRIL ALONG THE
MID ATLANTIC COAST AND OVER THE GULF OF MEXICO. THE COMBINATION OF
HIGH PRESSURE NORTH OF THE AREA AND THE LOW MOVING NORTHEAST
PRODUCES STRONG NORTHEAST WINDS...WHICH IS WHY COASTAL STORMS ARE
KNOWN AS NOREASTERS.

SEVERAL SIGNIFICANT COASTAL STORMS HAVE BROUGHT BLIZZARD CONDITIONS
INCLUDING HEAVY SNOW TO THE REGION DURING THE PAST 5 YEARS. HERE ARE
JUST A FEW EXAMPLES...

BLIZZARD CONDITIONS OCCURRED ACROSS LONG ISLAND JUST LAST DECEMBER
6TH. WIND GUSTS OF AT LEAST 35 MPH COMBINED WITH HEAVY FALLING SNOW
CREATED WHITEOUT CONDITIONS THAT REDUCED VISIBILITY TO LESS THAN 1/4
MILE. MAJOR WIDESPREAD IMPACTS TO MASS TRANSIT OCCURRED ACROSS THE
ENTIRE REGION. SNOWFALL AMOUNTS UP TO 25 INCHES WERE MEASURED.
WIDESPREAD BLIZZARD CONDITIONS OCCURRED DURING JANUARY 7TH AND 8TH
OF 1996...WHEN SNOWFALL AMOUNTS RANGED FROM 19 TO 26 INCHES.

HEAVY SNOW OCCURRED FREQUENTLY ACROSS THE REGION INCLUDING ON THE
FOLLOWING DATES:

DECEMBER 30TH 2000...
FEBRUARY 5TH 2001...
DECEMBER 5TH AND 25TH 2002...
FEBRUARY 17TH-18TH 2003 AND JANUARY 28TH 2004.

FOR A DETAILED LIST OF SIGNIFICANT STORMS AND SNOWFALL AMOUNTS...
VISIT OUR WEB PAGE AT:

HTTP://WWW.ERH.NOAA.GOV/OKX/STORMTOTALS.HTML

WEDNESDAY'S PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL COVER ICE STORMS.

$$

GC

Ice Storms

NOUS41 KOKX 032021
PNSOKX
CTZ005>012-NJZ002>006-011-NYZ067>081-041100-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE UPTON NY
320 PM EST WED NOV 3 2004

...GOVERNOR PATAKI DECLARES WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK... 

GOVERNOR GEORGE PATAKI HAS PROCLAIMED THE WEEK OF OCTOBER 31ST AS
WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK IN NEW YORK STATE.

TODAY'S THEME IS ICE STORMS.

FREEZING RAIN IS LIQUID RAIN THAT FALLS WHEN SURFACE TEMPERATURES
ARE AT OR BELOW 32 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT. THE RAIN FREEZES UPON IMPACT
WITH OBJECTS AND THE GROUND CREATING A LAYER OF ICE. WHEN THE LAYER
OF ICE ACCUMULATES TO AT LEAST ONE HALF INCH THICK...THE WEIGHT OF
THE ICE CAN DOWN TREE LIMBS...POWER LINES AND COMMUNICATION TOWERS
AS WELL AS CAUSE WIDESPREAD IMPACT TO MASS TRANSIT. THIS DEFINES AN
ICE STORM.

HOWEVER...IT MUST BE NOTED THAT ONLY A TRACE OF FREEZING RAIN CAN
PRODUCE A GLAZE OF ICE OVER ROADS...WHICH CAN CAUSE SIGNIFICANT
IMPACT TO MASS TRANSIT...ESPECIALLY IF IT OCCURS DURING THE RUSH
HOURS.

ALTHOUGH ICE STORMS OCCUR MORE FREQUENTLY FROM NORTHERN NJ ACROSS
THE LOWER HUDSON VALLEY AND INTERIOR SOUTHWEST CONNECTICUT...THEY
CAN OCCUR ALONG THE COAST.

DURING JANUARY 15TH AND 16TH 1998...THE COMBINATION OF A STRONG HIGH
PRESSURE SYSTEM TO OUR NORTH AND A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM MOVING OFF
THE NORTH CAROLINA COAST...PRODUCED UP TO 1 INCH OF ICE ACROSS THE
LOWER HUDSON VALLEY AND INTERIOR SOUTHERN CT. ICE COVERED ROADS LED
TO WIDESPREAD AND SIGNIFICANT TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS THAT RESULTED IN
MANY INJURIES. MANY TREE LIMBS AND POWER LINES WERE DOWNED WHICH
CAUSED SIGNIFICANT POWER OUTAGES.

DURING JANUARY 1994...AT LEAST 4 SIGNIFICANT ICING EVENTS OCCURRED
FROM THE 4TH THROUGH THE 28TH.

THURSDAY'S STATEMENT COVERS WINTER FLOODS.

$$

GC

Winter Floods

NOUS41 KOKX 041202
PNSOKX
CTZ005>012-NJZ002>006-011-NYZ067>081-051100-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE UPTON NY
700 AM EST THU NOV 4 2004

...GOVERNOR PATAKI DECLARES WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK...
 
GOVERNOR GEORGE PATAKI HAS PROCLAIMED THE WEEK OF OCTOBER 31ST AS
WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK IN NEW YORK STATE.

TODAY'S THEME IS WINTER FLOODS.

COASTAL STORMS CAN CAUSE HEAVY RAIN AND HIGH WINDS THAT LAST MORE
THAN 12 HOURS.

HEAVY RAIN CAN RESULT IN FLOODING OF RIVERS...STREAMS AND LOW LYING
POOR DRAINAGE AREAS. FOLLOWING THE BLIZZARD OF JANUARY 7TH AND 8TH
OF 1996...STRONG SOUTH WINDS...MILD TEMPERATURES...A RIPE SNOWPACK
AND HEAVY RAIN PRODUCED A DELUGE ACROSS THE REGION RESULTING IN
WIDESPREAD SEVERE URBAN...RIVER AND SMALL STREAM FLOODING INCLUDING
MANY ROOF COLLAPSES ACROSS THE REGION.

HIGH WINDS COMBINED WITH HIGH ASTRONOMICAL TIDES CAN PRODUCE COASTAL
FLOODING.

WHAT CAUSES COASTAL FLOODING?

PROLONGED ONSHORE WINDS OF NEARLY CONSTANT DIRECTION AND SPEED CAUSE
WATER TO PILE ALONG THE COAST. THIS PROCESS IS KNOWN AS TIDAL
PILING. THE ONSHORE WINDS ARE USUALLY PRODUCED BY A COMBINATION OF
HIGH PRESSURE NORTH OF THE AREA AND LOW PRESSURE ALONG THE
COAST...SOUTH OF THE AREA. THE DURATION AND STRENGTH OF THE ONSHORE
WINDS TOGETHER WITH THE HEIGHT OF ASTRONOMICAL TIDES WILL DETERMINE
THE MAGNITUDE AND AREAL EXTENT OF FLOODING.

TIDAL PILING WILL CAUSE ABOVE NORMAL TIDES...ESPECIALLY AROUND THE
TIME OF HIGH TIDE. HOWEVER...TIDAL PILING WILL ALSO PREVENT THE HIGH
TIDE FROM RECEDING. THIS WATER WILL STILL BE ALONG THE COAST FOR THE
NEXT HIGH TIDE...AGGRAVATING THE PROBLEM. IN THIS CASE...TIDAL
FLOODING WILL BE WORSE WITH EACH PASSING HIGH TIDE. THE COMBINATION
OF A SLOW MOVING STORM AND STRONG HIGH PRESSURE CAUSES A PROLONGED
ONSHORE WIND...WHICH CAN AFFECT SEVERAL TIDAL CYCLES. DURING THE
DECEMBER 1992 NOR'EASTER...SIGNIFICANT FLOODING OCCURRED ON 4
CONSECUTIVE DAYS.

ALTHOUGH RAINFALL CAN COMPOUND TIDAL FLOODING PROBLEMS...IT IS NOT A
CAUSE OF TIDAL FLOODING. DURING THE HALLOWEEN NOR'EASTER OF
1991...WIDESPREAD SIGNIFICANT TIDAL FLOODING OCCURRED UNDER PARTLY
SUNNY SKIES.

FRIDAY'S STATEMENT COVERS WATCHES...WARNINGS AND ADVISORIES.

GC

Watch/Warning/Advisory Criteria

NOUS41 KOKX 051019
PNSOKX
CTZ005>012-NJZ002>006-011-NYZ067>081-061100-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE UPTON NY
520 AM EST FRI NOV 5 2004

...GOVERNOR PATAKI DECLARES WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK...

GOVERNOR GEORGE PATAKI HAS PROCLAIMED THE WEEK OF OCTOBER 31ST AS 
WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK IN NEW YORK STATE.

TODAY'S THEME IS WINTER WEATHER WATCHES...WARNINGS AND ADVISORIES.

WATCHES AND WARNINGS ARE ISSUED FOR POTENTIALLY LIFE THREATENING 
HAZARDOUS WEATHER. WATCHES ARE ISSUED 24 TO 48 HOURS BEFORE THE 
EVENT IS EXPECTED. WARNINGS ARE ISSUED UP TO 24 HOURS BEFORE THE 
EVENT. ADVISORIES ARE ISSUED FOR LESS SERIOUS EVENTS UP TO 24 HOURS 
BEFORE THEY OCCUR.

A BLIZZARD WATCH AND WARNING WILL BE ISSUED FOR WINDS AVERAGING AT 
LEAST 35 MPH AND FALLING OR BLOWING SNOW PRODUCING VISIBILITIES LESS 
THAN 1/4 MILE FOR AT LEAST 3 HOURS.

A WINTER STORM WATCH AND WARNING WILL BE ISSUED FOR...

HEAVY SNOW...WHEN AN AVERAGE OF AT LEAST 6 INCHES IN 12 HOURS OR 8 
INCHES IN 24 HOURS IS FORECAST.

FREEZING RAIN...WHEN AT LEAST ONE HALF INCH OF ICE IS FORECAST.

A COMBINATION OF HEAVY SNOW...SLEET AND FREEZING RAIN.

A FLOOD WATCH AND WARNING WILL BE ISSUED FOR FLOODING OF RIVERS 
...SMALL STREAMS...STREETS AND POOR DRAINAGE AREAS. HEAVY RAIN 
LASTING AT LEAST 6 HOURS IS USUALLY A MAJOR CAUSE OF FLOODING.

A COASTAL FLOOD WATCH AND WARNING WILL BE ISSUED FOR TIDAL FLOODING 
OF THE SHORES.

A HIGH WIND WATCH AND WARNING WILL BE ISSUED FOR WINDS AVERAGING AT 
LEAST 40 MPH FOR AT LEAST 1 HOUR OR FOR WIND GUSTS REACHING AT LEAST 
58 MPH FOR ANY DURATION.

A WIND CHILL WATCH AND WARNING WILL BE ISSUED WHEN THE COMBINATION 
OF AIR TEMPERATURE AND WIND SPEED PRODUCE WIND CHILL VALUES OF AT 
LEAST MINUS 25 DEGREES.

ADVISORIES WILL BE ISSUED FOR LOWER AMOUNTS OR VALUES AND COVER 
WINTER WEATHER...BLOWING SNOW...FREEZING DRIZZLE OR RAIN...DENSE 
FOG...WIND AND WIND CHILL.

FOR SPECIFIC NWS CRITERIA...ACCESS OUR WINTER WEATHER WEB PAGE AT:

HTTP://WWW.ERH.NOAA.GOV/OKX/WINTERWEATHER.HTML

SATURDAY'S STATEMENT COVERS WINTER WEATHER PREPAREDNESS.

Winter Weather Review

NOUS41 KOKX 060917
PNSOKX
CTZ005>012-NJZ002>006-011-NYZ067>081-071100-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE UPTON NY
415 AM EST SAT NOV 6 2004

...GOVERNOR PATAKI DECLARES WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK...
 
GOVERNOR GEORGE PATAKI HAS PROCLAIMED THE WEEK OF OCTOBER 31ST AS
WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK IN NEW YORK STATE.

TODAY'S THEME IS WINTER WEATHER PREPAREDNESS.

FOR HEAVY SNOW...CHECK AND WINTERIZE YOUR VEHICLES BEFORE THE WINTER
SEASON BEGINS. CARRY A WINTER STORM SURVIVAL KIT INCLUDING
BLANKETS...A FLASHLIGHT WITH EXTRA BATTERIES...A SHOVEL AND MAP.

FOR ICING...MAKE SURE THAT AN ADEQUATE SUPPLY OF SALT AND SAND ARE
AVAILABLE FOR MELTING ICE.

FOR HIGH WINDS...STRUCTURAL DAMAGE TO HOUSES BEGINS WITH WINDS IN
EXCESS OF 57 MPH. THESE WINDS WILL ALSO CAUSE PARTS OR WHOLE TREES
TO FALL. SOME TREES MIGHT FALL ON POWER AND TELEPHONE LINES CAUSING
INTERRUPTION OF ELECTRICAL AND TELEPHONE SERVICE. ALSO NOTE THAT
HEAVY ICING WILL PRODUCE SIMILAR TYPES OF ELECTRICAL AND TELEPHONE
SERVICE INTERRUPTIONS. TO PREPARE FOR THESE HAZARDS...

FOR A MOBILE HOME...MAKE SURE THAT IT IS TIED DOWN AND IS SECURE.

WITHOUT THE SERVICES OF A REFRIGERATOR AND A STOVE...MAKE SURE TO
HAVE AN ADEQUATE STOCK OF CANNED GOODS.

FOR TIDAL FLOODING...KNOW YOUR AREA'S FLOOD RISK AND ELEVATIONS WITH
REFERENCE TO MEAN LOWER LOW WATER AND MEAN SEA LEVEL. KNOW WHAT
WATER ELEVATIONS WILL CAUSE MINOR...MODERATE AND MAJOR FLOODING IN
YOUR AREA. THE NWS FORECASTS TIDAL ANOMALIES WITH SPECIFIC REFERENCE
TO MEAN LOWER LOW WATER. WE PROVIDE YOU WITH SELECTED TIMES AND
HEIGHTS OF HIGH TIDES FOR AREAS ALONG THE IMMEDIATE COAST.

KNOW THE AVAILABLE ROUTES FOR ESCAPE AND WHERE SHELTERS ARE
AVAILABLE IF YOU ARE DIRECTED TO EVACUATE YOUR AREA.

THIS IS THE FINAL STATEMENT COVERING WINTER PREPAREDNESS WEEK.

GC

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